The constraints led approach is when: “It has become apparent in the dynamic interactive settings of physical education that movement skill acquisition occurs as a consequence of the interplay of numerous interacting constraints, which need to be considered in pedagogical practice” (Davids, Chow, and Shuttleworth 2005). “These constraints on learners include the morphology, emotions, cognition’s, intentions and developmental status as well as social and cultural factors, which share strong interconnected relations with the environment and learning tasks” (Araujo et al. 2004).
The following is an interview with All Black coach Steve Hansen back from his world cup triumph speaking about the Connecting Coaches convention. Dylan Cleaver interviewed him on the Art of Coaching. Steve looks at his players to see how he can get the best out of every individual player. He said, “What is it that makes the guy tick.” This is what he looks for in the players to get the best performance, out of them, in matches and training. Steve then goes on to discuss the role of the media in any sport. He says that: “As you come more exposed, with teams like Canterbury and the Crusaders, there’s media looking at what you are doing. Early on my mind-set with the media is that I didn’t trust them. Obviously that’s based on things I’d seen or felt myself.” The media is taking over in sport by making comments about the future such as it’s time for the manager to go and talk about the negative rather than the positive aspects of the sport. Steve talks about the fear of losing and about the winning aspect. He says about losing that “You’re not enjoying it. No one enjoys losing, but with five minutes to go it’s not over. There’s no point me worrying about what has happened yet; I’ve got to worry about how I can make it not happen.” Any manager has a fear of losing. For example, when Liverpool played Dortmund they were losing 2:0 at half time but in the second half Liverpool won the game 4:3. Parents who send their kids to training sessions and games want to see their kid play the sport in the game but they naturally want to see their youngster win, but it puts pressure on the coach because it is ‘……a natural instinct’ in the sports environment.
Araujo, D., K. Davids, S. Bennett, C. Button, and G. Chapman. 2004. Emergence of sport skills under constraint. In Skill acquisition in sport: Research, theory and practice, ed. A.M. Williams and N.J. Hodges, 409–33. London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis
Davids, K., J.Y. Chow, and R. Shuttleworth. 2005. A constraints-led framework for nonlinear pedagogy in physical education. Journal of Physical Education, New Zealand 38: 17–29
Dylan Cleaver. (2015). Steve Hansen on the art of coaching. Retrieved from: http://www.nzherald.co.nz/sport/news/article.cfm?c_id=4&objectid=11559601